Eric Eustace Williams TC CH, better known as Eric Williams – the author of Capitalism and Slavery – became the first Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago. Dr. Williams served the nation from 1962 until his death.
In honor of the noted Caribbean historian, today, we’ve gathered a proud and inspiring life story of Dr. Williams, including his inventions, thesis, wiki-bio, death, and many more.
When was Dr. Eric Williams born? Where did Dr. Eric live?
Dr. Eric Williams was born on 25 September 1911 in the Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Eric was the son of Thomas Henry Williams and Eliza Frances Boissiere (13 April 1888 – 1969).
Williams’ father was a minor Post Office official in Trinidad, while his mother was a descendant of the mixed French Creole elite.
Talking about his education, Eric attended Tranquillity Boys’ Intermediate Government School. Later, he graduated from Queen’s Royal College in Port of Spain, where Eric excelled at academics and football.
Williams had a football injury during his college that led to a hearing problem, but he wore a hearing aid to correct.
In 1932, Eric won an island scholarship that allowed him to attend St Catherine’s Society, Oxford ( now St Catherine’s College, Oxford).
After three years in 1935, Eric received first-class honors for his B.A in history, while ranking in the first place among University of Oxford students.
In 1938, Eric went on to obtain his doctorate under the supervision of Vincent Harlow. During his lifetime, Eric Williams lived in his home in Trinidad and Tobago.
What did Eric invent? Who wrote Capitalism and Slavery?
Eric recalls his early life in Inward Hunger that the lack of money hindered his research while he was turned down everywhere he tried.
However, he also notes that in 1936, the Governor of Trinidad and Tobago Sir Alfred Claud Hollis recommended the Leathersellers’ Co., awarding him £50 for continuing his advanced research in history.
Eventually, his doctoral thesis, supervised by Mr. Harlow, was entitled “The Economic Aspects of the Abolition of the Slave Trade and West Indian Slavery,” which now is known as Capitalism and Slavery that was published in 1944.
Years ahead of its time, Eric’s profound critique became a solid foundation for studying imperialism and economic development.
What is the Williams thesis?
The majority of the Williams thesis addresses the decline of the sugar industry in the 1820s, the emancipation of the slaves in the 1830s, and the sugar equalization acts of the 1840s have not been refuted or undermined.
As a matter of fact, Eric Williams’ thesis held that “capitalism as an economic modality quickly replaced slavery once European elites accumulated the vast surplus capital from slavery that they needed to bankroll their industrial revolution.”
What did Eric do for Trinidad?
The first (apparently the longest-serving) prime minister of independent Trinidad and Tobago, Eric Williams founded the People’s National Movement (PNM) in 1956 and led his country to independence.
What was named after Dr. Eric?
The Eric Williams Plaza has been named after the first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Dr. Eric.
Eric Williams’ Net Worth
The first Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago Eric Williams had an estimated net worth of $28 million at the time of his death.
Who is Eric Williams’ Wife? Did he have any Child?
The honorable historian Eric Williams had tied the knot with his wife, Mayleen Mook Sang, on November 13, 1957. Eric walked down the aisle with his daughter’s dentist, Dr. Mayleen Mook Sang, a Guyanese.
The duo never lived together, and perhaps that’s why the “marriage” if it could be called such, endured until his death.
Erica Williams-Connell is the daughter of former Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago Eric Williams. She is the founder and curator of the Eric Williams Memorial Collection.
Her mother, Eric Williams’ true love of his life, died at the age of 28. She had a native intelligence, uncorrupted by a university education.
In the 75th year of the publication of Eric Williams’ Capitalism and Slavery on the 13th November 2019, his daughter Erica remembered her father in a warm speech.
At UWI St. Augustine Campus, Erica addressed, “When I was 14 years old, I told my father, ‘Daddy, when you die, all I want is your books and papers'”.
“I fancy my father’s role was to create history, mine is to preserve it.” – Eric Williams’ daughter Erica Williams-Connell
She’s now devoted nearly four decades after Eric’s passing, to the propagation of his vision.
When did Dr. Eric Williams die? A Tribute to Politician & Historian
Eric Williams died on March 29, 1981, in Port of Spain, Trinidad, and Tobago. The historian who led his two-island nation to independence, died Sunday night in his official residence. Williams’ was 69 years old at the time of his death.
President Ellis Clarke announced the death of Mr. Williams. Mr. Clarke had declared a period of national mourning until April 17, 1981. However, President Clarke did not disclose the cause of Mr. Williams’ death.
Mr. Eric Williams was elected chief minister in 1956, before independence. He had been Prime Minister since 1962.
In the mid-1950s, Mr. Williams left the faculty of Howard University in Washington, where he was a professor of social and political science, to return to Trinidad. A year later, he founded the island’s first political party, the People’s National Movement, which he led until his death.
The American singer-songwriter Sheila Raye Charles was the daughter of famous Blues, and Gospel singer, songwriter, musician, and composer, Ray Charles AKA “The Genius”. Sadly, she’s no more with us. But her music and her father’s contribution to the American Music still resides in the heart of many.
And today, in the loving memory of Ray Charles and his daughter, this biography will reveal the life story of Sheila Raye Charles. From a downward spiral of addiction to having faith in Jesus, we’ve covered it all. Stick till the end to find about her cause of death, net worth, childhood, siblings, and age.
Sheila Raye Charles’ Wiki-Bio: Parents, Early Life, Addiction & Jesus
The American singer Sheila Raye Charles was born in September 1963, Los Angeles, California, United States. She was the daughter of her mother Sandra Jean Betts and one of the iconic musicians of the 20th century, Ray Charles, who played, sang and composed music, blindly. But the blind man had something extra-ordinary about his talent, his music was pure and by heart.
Her mother wasn’t the one that Ray married, but Sandra and Ray’s romance became the gossip of the town after Sheila’s birth.
“It was very confusing times,” Sheila said. “My father came to see my mother and didn’t see me. It was very hard. Every little girl wants their father. The moments I had with him I treasured.”
“It was very hard” as Sheila recalls her early life memory. She and her mom, Sandra moved places before finally settling in Minnesota.
In the musical testimony of her life, ‘Behind The Shades’ (autobiography), Sheila Raye noted how she finally found a ray of light at the end of her tunnel.
During her early childhood, Sheila was allegedly abused by her own family member.
At the age of 16 years old, Ray Charles’ daughter survived a near-fatal car wreck.
She also did three stints in federal prison while heavily drugged with crack & cocaine.
She is alive in her autobiography where she mentions, at that time she was at the lowest point in her life. It was during her last confinement that her life dramatically changed.