Steven Paul Jobs, popularly known as Steve Jobs was an American businessman, entrepreneur, and investor. He was the chairman, chief executive officer (CEO), and co-founder of Apple Inc. Steve was also the chairman and majority shareholder of Pixar and the founder, chairman, and CEO of NeXT. He is widely recognized as a pioneer of the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s. He is the co-creator of the Macintosh, iPod, iPhone, iPad, and first Apple Stores. Steve Jobs died of pancreatic cancer on 5 October 2011. He died aged 56.
|Celebrated Name||Steve Jobs|
|Nick Name||Steve Jobs|
|Birth Name||Steven Paul Jobs|
|Eye Color||Dark Brown|
|Place Of Birth||San Francisco, California, US|
|Net Worth||$10 billion (estimated at the time of his death)|
|Best Known For||The Chairman, CEO, and co-founder of Apple Inc|
|High School||Homestead High School|
|Father||Abdulfattah “John” Jandal (biological), Paul Reinhold Jobs (adopted)|
|Mother||Joanne Schieble (biological), Clara Jobs(adopted)|
|Education||Monta Loma Elementary School, Crittenden Middle School|
|Children||Lisa Brennan-Jobs, Eve Jobs, Erin Siena Jobs, and Reed Jobs|
|Death Date||5 October 2011|
|Place Of Death||Palo Alto, California|
|Cause Of Death||Neuroendocrine cancer|
Steve Jobs Early Life
Steve Jobs was born on 24 February 1955. His birth name is Steven Paul Jobs. His birthplace is in San Francisco, California in the United States. He held American nationality. Steve was born to a father, Abdulfattah “John” Jandali, and a mother, Joanne Schieble. He has a biological sister, Mona Simpson. He was then adopted by Paul Reinhold Jobs and Clara Jobs. His adoptive father was a Coast Guard mechanic and later became a car mechanic. Clara had an ectopic pregnancy that led them to adoption and they adopted Jobs. His adoptive parents adopted Patricia in 1957. He was deeply involved in electronics by the age of 10. He had befriended many engineers who lived in the neighborhood.
He attended Monta Loma Elementary School in Mountain View. Jobs skipped the fifth grade and transferred to the sixth grade at Crittenden Middle School in Mountain View. He was a loner and was often bullied there.
The family moved to Crist Drive in Los Altos, California, where he attended Homestead High School. He met his future partner, Steven Wozniak there. Wozniak began attending the University of Califonia, Berkeley and Jobs started to study in nearby Stanford University’s student union. He was also interested in arts in his student years. He was working on an underground film project with his then-girlfriend Chrisann Brennan. After graduation in 1972, he enrolled at Reed College in Portland, Oregon. He dropped out of Reed. His then-girlfriend Brennan supported him in his decisions.
Jobs moved back to the San Francisco Bay Area in the mid-1973, where he rented an apartment.
Wozniak designed his version of the classic video game Pong in 1973. Jobs took the game to Atari, Inc. Atari thought that Jobs had built it and they offered him a job as a technician.
He traveled to India in search of spiritual enlightenment with Daniel Kottke in mid-1974 to visit Neem Karoli Baba. The Baba had died in September 1974. They went to an ashram of Haidakhan Babaji.
Steve returned to the US after seven months. He had his head shaved and wore traditional Indian clothing. He experimented with LSD during this time. Jobs spent a period at the All One Farm in Oregon.
Steve and Brennan both became practitioners of Zen Buddhism through the Zen master Kobun Chino Otogawa.
He returned to Atari, where he created a circuit board for a video game with the help of his friend, Wozniak.
Wozniak then designed a low-cost digital “blue box” that generates the necessary tones to manipulate the telephone network and allows free long-distance calls. Its illegal sales went well.
Jobs and Wozniak attended meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club in 1975. It became a milestone to the development and marketing of the first Apple computer.
Wozniak designed and developed the Apple I computer in 1976. Jobs, Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne then founded Apple Computer in the garage of Job’s Los Altos home on Crist Drive. Wayne left the team shortly.
The two decided on the name “Apple” after Jobs returned from the All One Farm commune in Oregon and told Wozniak about his time spent in the farm’s apple orchard.
Then-semi-retired Intel product marketing manager and engineer Mike Markkula funded them. Markkula brought Apple to the attention of Arthur Rock.
Jobs and Wozniak introduced the Apple II at the West Coast Computer Faire in 1977.
Jobs, Brennan, and Daniel Kottke moved into a house near the Apple office in Cupertino in 1977. Jobs-Brennan’s relationship got complex as she was pregnant with Job’s child. She gave birth to a daughter in May 1978.
His Apple Lisa (Local Integrated Software Architecture” was named after his daughter.
Apple went public around the same time.
He was worth over $1 million in 1978. He was just 23 years old then.
Apple recruited Mike Scott from National Semiconductor to serve as CEO in 1978. He offered John Sculley of Pepsi-Cola to serve as Apple’s CEO in 1983.
Apple introduced the Macintosh, based on The Lisa in early 1984. Macintosh was a hard sell because it was expensive.
Bill Gates’s then-developing company, Microsoft and Apple had clashed over the similarities between the Windows GUI and the Mac Interface.
The Macintosh introduced the desktop publishing industry in 1985 with the addition of Apple LaserWriter, the first laser printer to feature vector graphics.
Sculley and Jobs’s vision started deviating. Sculley planned to remove Jobs from the Macintosh group and put him in charge of “New Product Development”. Jobs planned to get rid of Sculley and take over Apple. Jobs resigned from Apple in September 1985. Five additional senior Apple employees also resigned and joined Jobs in his new venture, NeXT.
Jobs founded NeXT with a few of Apple’s members in the same year. He started the company with $7 million.
NeXT specialized in computers for higher education and business markets.
NeXT workstations were first released in 1990 and priced at $9,999.
The revised, second-generation NeXTcube was released in the same year.
English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web using the NeXT computer in 1990 at CERN in Switzerland.
NeXT transitioned fully to software development in 1993 after they released NeXTSTEP/Intel.
The company released a framework for Web applicant development, WebObjects in 1996.
Jobs developed the visual effects industry when he funded the computer graphics division of George Lucas’s Lucasfilm in 1986. The new company was Pixar.
Pixar, in partnership with Disney, produced the first 3D computer-animated film Toy Story in 1995. Jobs was credited as executive producer of the film.
They later produced numerous box-office and Academy Award-winning hit films such as A Bug’s Life, Toy Story 2, Monster Inc, Finding Nemo, The Incredibles, Cars, Ratatouille, WALL-E, Up, and Toy Story 3.
Return to Apple
Apple merged with NeXT in 1997. Apple bought NeXT for $247 million.
Jobs eventually became CEO of Apple, the company he initially co-founded.
He helped Apple revive.
He worked to bring revolution in Apple developing several technologies.
Apple made iMac, iTunes, iTunes Store, Apple Store, iPod, iPhone, App Store, and the iPad.
The original Mac OS was replaced with a completely new Mac OS X, based on NeXT’s NeXTSTEP platform in 2001. It gave OS a modern Unix-based foundation for the first time.
He was a board member of Gap Inc. from 1992 to 2002.
He was diagnosed with cancer in 2003 that led to the deterioration in his health. Tim Cook served as acting CEO of Apple.
Jobs took six months to leave in January 2009 and underwent a liver transplant in April 2009.
He returned to Apple following the liver transplant.
He announced his resignation as Apple’s CEO in August 2011. Tim Cook became his successor and he became chairman of the board.
He worked for Apple until the day before his death on 5 October 2011.
Who is Steve Jobs Married to?
Steve Jobs was married to Laurene Powell. The couple got married in 1991. They first met in 1989 when Jobs gave a lecture at the Stanford Graduate School of Business. She was a student there. Jobs approached her after the lecture and invited her to dinner. Jobs proposed to her on New Year’s Day 1990. They later tied a knot to each other on 18 1991 in a Buddhist ceremony at the Ahwahnee Hotel in Yosemite National Park. Their first child, Reed was born in September 1991. The couple had two more children, Erin and Eve.
His first girlfriend is Chrisann Brennan, whom he met while at Homestead High School. Brennan was an integral part of Jobs’s life from what he started to what he was set to achieve in the coming future. They had an on-and-off relationship with each other. He had his first child, a daughter, Lisa Brennan, with Brennan in May 1978. Though Jobs denied paternity, a DNA test proved Jobs as Lisa’s father. Jobs had to pay $385 a month to Brennan for their daughter. Instead, Jobs gave her $500 a month. His Apple Lisa (Local Integrated Software Architecture” was named after his daughter.
Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor in 2003. He resisted medical intervention for nine months after the diagnosis. He tried a vegan diet, acupuncture, herbal remedies, and other treatments he found online. Jobs finally had surgery in 2004. He did not receive chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
His health started deteriorating over the years. Tim Cook, who previously acted CEO in Job’s 2004 absence due to surgery, became the acting CEO of Apple in 2009 after Jobs took six months to leave of absence. Tim Cook offered a portion of his liver to Jobs in 2009. They both shared a rare blood type. But, Jobs refused. He underwent a liver transplant at Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute in Memphis, Tennessee in April 2009.
He died on 5 October 2011 aged 56 due to respiratory arrest related to the tumor. He died with his wife, children, and sisters at his side at his Palo Alto, California home. His final words were, ‘Oh wow. Oh wow. Oh wow’. He worked for Apple until the day before his death.
A small private funeral was held on 7 October 2011. The details of his funeral were not made public, out of respect for Jobs’s family. Apple, Microsoft, and Disney flew their flags at half-staff. He is buried in an unmarked grave at Alta Mesa Memorial Park in Palo Alto.
Steve Jobs Net Worth
Steve Jobs had a net worth of over $10 billion at the time of his death. His widow, Laurene Powell inherited his fortune. Today, Laurene Powell is worth $21.4 billion. He was worth $1 million in 1978. He was just 23 years old. His net worth grew to over $250 million by the time he was 25. Steve was one of the youngest “people ever to make the Forbes list of the nation’s richest people”. He has won 141 patents since his death. He currently holds over 450 patents. If Jobs had still been alive, his fortune would have crossed trillion.